UPSC Civil Service Exam IAS, UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2020

UPSC Civil Service Exam IAS, Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2020

Name of the Post:- 

UPSC Civil Service IAS Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Exam Name:

Civil Service Exam-IAS

Exam Conducting Authority

Union Public Service Commission

Related information:- 

IAS is conducted for the choice of officers for Indian Administrative service. IAS Exam Pattern covers the distribution of questions, marking schemes, sectional weight-age, and duration. The brief for many three stages of IAS are IAS Preliminary Exam: It’s two papers of objective type and carries no more than 400 marks. You can find two papers in the preliminary exam. Paper-II (CSAT) in the IAS exam is of qualifying nature, and candidates should score at least 33% in this paper to qualify for the following stage of the IAS exam, i.e., the Mains. Check IAS Syllabus IAS Main Exam: You can find two forms of Papers- Qualifying Papers and Papers, which will be counted for Merit. The former will contain two language exams, one of many candidate’s choices and other English. The latter will include nine papers, including seven merit and two qualifying language papers. The critical exam will comprise of both essay writing and objective type questions. The total of most papers and the score secured in the interview round will undoubtedly be useful for the ranking of candidates. Check IAS Cutoff IAS Personality Test: An interview of 275 Marks would be used of the candidates qualified in the Main Exam. This may are the Psychometric Test, Assessment Test, in addition to the Personal Interview. Marks obtained in the test could be included with the calculation for the last merit list declaration.

While preparing for IAS 2020 examination, a candidate must certainly be well versed with the IAS 2020 Exam Pattern. A prior understanding of the exam pattern can give an advantage to the aspirant while she or he gets yourself ready for the equivalent. Before we begin talking about the point by point design for UPSC IAS Exam 2020, let’s begin to see the phases in that your Exam for UPSC IAS is conducted.


Civil Service Exam IAS

UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Total Stage In Exam


Stage Name

1.Prelims Exam

2. Main Exam


Total Papers in Exam

1.Prelim Exam 3 Papers

2.Main Exam 9 Paper

Question Type

1.Prelim Exam: Objective type

2.Main Exam: Subjective type

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Civil Service Exam IAS

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

Paper Name

Total Question

Total Marks


Paper 1 General Studies



120 min

Paper 2 General Studeies



120 min


Civil Service Exam IAS

UPSC Prelims Exam Syllabus

Paper Name


Paper 1 General Studies

·       Current events of international and national importance.

·        History of the Indian National Movement and India.

·        Indian and World Geography – Social, Physical,  Economic Geography of India and the World.

·        General issues on Bio-diversity, Environmental Ecology, and Climate Change do not require subject specialization.

·        Indian Polity and Governance – Political System, Constitution,  Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

·        Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

·         General Science.

Paper 2 General Studies

·         Comprehension.

·         Interpersonal skills, including communication skills.

·         Decision-making and problem-solving.

·         General mental ability.

·         Logical reasoning and analytical ability.

·       Basic numeracy (numbers orders of magnitude, and their relations, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (graphs, charts,  tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).

Civil Service Exam IAS

UPSC Main Exam Pattern

Paper Name

Total Marks


Paper A Compulsory Indian Language


180 min

Paper B English


180 min

Paper 1 Essay writing


180 min

Paper 2 General Studies-I


180 min

Paper 3 General Studies-II          


180 min

Paper 4 General Studies-III


180 min

Paper 5 General Studies-IV


180 min

Paper 6 Optional Subject-I


180 min

Paper 7 Optional Subject-II


180 min




Optional Subject List

Public Administration



Animal Husbandry& Veterinary Science



Civil Engineering


Commerce and Accountancy

Mechanical Engineering



Electrical Engineering





Medical Science

Political Science & International Relations







The literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Civil Service Exam IAS

UPSC Main Exam Syllabus

Paper Name


Paper 2 General Studies-I

(Indian Heritage and Culture, Geography, and History of the World and Society)

·        Indian culture will cover the salient areas of Art Forms, Architecture, and Literature from ancient to modern times.

·        Modern Indian history from about the center of the eighteenth century until the present- personalities, significant events, issues.

·        The Freedom Struggle – its different stages and important contributors /contributions from different elements of the nation.

·        Post-independence reorganization and consolidation within the nation.

·        History of the entire world will include events from the 18th century, such as the industrial revolution, world wars.

·        geographical highlights and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and flora and fauna and the results of such changes.

·        redraw of national boundaries, decolonization, colonization, political philosophies like communism,

·        capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and impact on society.

·        Social empowerment, regionalism, communalism & secularism.

·        Salient features of the Diversity of India and Indian Society.

·        Job of ladies and ladies’ association, populace and neediness, related issues.

·        developmental issues, urbanization, their remedies, and their problems.

·        Aftereffects of globalization on Indian society

·        Salient features of the world’s physical geology.

·       Distribution of key natural resources across the entire world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);

·       factors in charge of the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in

·        various parts of the world (including India)

·       Important Geophysical phenomena such as for example, earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc.


Paper 3 General Studies-II

(Polity, Governance, Social Justice, Constitution, and International relations)

·       Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, significant provisions, evolution, features, amendments, and basic structure.

·        Appointment to various Constitutional posts, responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies, functions, powers.

·        Capacities and responsibilities of the Union, and the States, issues, devolution of powers, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

·        Detachment of forces between different organs; dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

·        Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with this of other countries

·        Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, powers & privileges, functioning, business conduct, and issues arising out of these.

·       Structure, organization, and the Judiciary Ministries, functioning of the Executive, and Departments of the Government; pressure gatherings and formal/casual affiliations and their job in the Polity. 

·        Salient highlights of the Representation of People’s Act. 

·        Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies.

·       Government policies and interventions for development in several sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

·       Development forms and the improvement business the job of NGOs, SHGs, different gatherings and affiliations, contributors, good cause, institutional and different partners. 

·        Welfare schemes for vulnerable chapters of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

·        Issues concerning the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

·        Important International institutions, agencies, and fora- their structure, mandate.

·        Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

·        Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional, and other measures.

·        Role of civil services in a democracy.

·         India and its neighborhood- relations.

·        Bilateral, local, and worldwide groupings and understandings, including India, potentially influence India’s inclinations.

·        Effect of arrangements and legislative issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.

Paper 4 General Studies-III

(Bio-diversity, Technology, Economic Development, Disaster Management, Environment, and Security)

·         Indian Economy and issues identified with arranging, development, mobilization of resources, growth, and employment.

·         Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

·         Government Budgeting.

·         Major crops cropping patterns in different parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in aid of farmers.

·         Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

·         Issues inked to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

·         Land reforms in India.

·         Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.

·         Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.

·         Investment models.

·         Awareness in its fields of IT, Computers, robotics, Space, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

·         Science and Technology-advancements and their applications and impacts on a regular day to day existence.

·         Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology, and developing new technology.

·         Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

·         Disaster and disaster management.

·         Security challenges and their administration in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

·         Linkages among improvement and spread of radicalism. 

·         Role of outer state, and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

·         Challenges to internal security through communication networks, media, and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity, money-laundering, and prevention.

·         Various Security forces, and agencies, and their mandate.

Paper 5 General Studies-IV

(Aptitude, Ethics, Integrity)

·         Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators, family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

·         Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence, and persuasion.

·         Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality, and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker sections.

·         Emotional intelligence-ideas, and their utilities and application in governance and administration.

·         Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

·         Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government, and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

·         Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

·         Case Studies on the above issues.


UPSC syllabus

UPSC exam pattern 2020

UPSC mains syllabus 2020

civil services exam

UPSC total marks

When Notification out, I will provide all Detail like Education Qualification, Salary Structure, Age Limit, and more.

How many exams are there in UPSC?

What is the syllabus of IAS prelims exam?

What are the 9 papers in UPSC Mains?

All the above Question Answer is available in this post

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